EU and EEA citizens who are on the territory of Romania and have a recognized resident status benefit from the same social insurance rights as Romanian citizens under the law.
In Romania, social protection is provided by public institutions in close cooperation with private institutions. Public social protection institutions coordinate different systems, both at the central and local level of the administration.
At the central administrative level, ministries, national agencies or national houses ensure the protection of persons with regard to their rights to sickness / health, maternity, disability, old age, survivors, accidents at work and occupational diseases, family / children and unemployment.
At the local administrative level, the town halls and the county general directorates for social assistance and child protection cover the needs of the persons in accordance with the principles of social solidarity and social inclusion.
The most important private social protection institutions are pension companies. These are new institutions that have become operational quite recently and are responsible for providing disability, old-age and survivors’ pensions. Private social service providers, on the other hand, largely cover people’s long-term care needs.